Darwin, Erasmus

(1731-1802)
   One of the leading intellectuals of eighteenth century England, Erasmus Darwin was a man with a remarkable array of interests and pursuits. The grandfather of Charles Darwin was a respected physician, a well known poet, philosopher, botanist, and naturalist. He was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge (1750-54), and at Edinburgh, where he studied medicine and established a successful practice in Litchfield, Staffordshire. Later he moved to Derby, where, in 1784, he founded the Philosophical Society and opened a dispensary at Lichfield. He advanced his own concepts of evolution, which were similar to those of J.B. Lamarck. Throughout, Darwin seems to have struggled between his profession and his poetic aspirations, at one time determining to give up poetry. His major publications: A Plan for the Conduct of Female Education in Boarding Schools, 1797. Zoonomia, or, The Laws of Organic Life, 1798. Phytologia, or the Philosophy of Agriculture and Gardening, 1800. Some of his poems: "Kew," "Nightmare," "Remembrance," "The Action of Invisible Ink," "The Botanic Garden," "The Economy of Vegetation," "The Golden Age," "The Temple of Nature; or, The Origin of Society."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The New Oxford Book of Romantic Period Verse. Jerome J. McGann. Oxford University Press, 1993. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Darwin,Erasmus — Darwin, Erasmus. 1731 1802. British physician, scientist, reformer, and poet whose Zoonomia (1794 1796) anticipated the evolutionary theories of his grandson Charles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Darwin, Erasmus — born Dec. 12, 1731, Elston Hall, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died April 18, 1802, Derby, Derbyshire British physician, grandfather of Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. A freethinker and radical, Darwin often wrote his opinions and scientific treatises …   Universalium

  • Darwin, Erasmus — (12 dic. 1731, Elston Hall, Nottinghamshire, Inglaterra–18 abr. 1802, Derby, Derbyshire). Médico británico, abuelo de Charles Darwin y Francis Galton. Libre pensador y radical, escribió a menudo sus opiniones y tratados científicos en verso. En… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Darwin , Erasmus — (1731–1802) British physician Darwin was born at Elston. He studied medicine at the universities of Cambridge and Edinburgh, obtaining his MB from Cambridge in 1755. Darwin set up practice in Lichfield, where he soon established a reputation such …   Scientists

  • DARWIN, ERASMUS —    physician and natural philosopher, born in Nottinghamshire; studied at Cambridge and Edinburgh; practised medicine in Lichfield, and finally settled in Derby; occupied his mind with the study of fanciful analogies in the different spheres of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Darwin, Erasmus — (1731 1802)    Poet, physician, and scientist, was b. at Elston, Notts, and ed. at Camb. and at Edin., where he took his degree of M.D. He ultimately settled in Lichfield as a physician, and attained a high professional reputation, so much so… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Erasmus Darwin (disambiguation) — Erasmus Darwin may refer to:* Erasmus Darwin I (1731 1802), the physician, poet, etc: grandfather of Charles Robert Darwin * Erasmus Darwin II, also Erasmus Darwin the Younger (1759 1799), the son of Erasmus Darwin, brother of Robert Darwin, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Erasmus Darwin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erasmus Darwin …   Wikipedia Español

  • Darwin — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charles Darwin (1809–1882), Begründer der modernen Evolutionstheorie Bernard Darwin (1876–1961), Enkel von Charles Darwin; britischer Jurist, Sportjournalist und Schriftsteller Charles Galton Darwin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darwin [2] — Darwin, Erasmus, engl. Arzt, Naturforscher und didaktischer Dichter, geb. 12. Dez. 1731 in Elton, gest. 18. April 1802 in Derby, entwickelte ein naturwissenschaftliches System in »Zoonomia, or the laws of organic life« (1794 u.ö.; deutsch, 3 Bde …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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